“一带一路”六年间

“一带一路”六年间

4月下旬,以“共建一带一路、开创美好未来”为主题的第二届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛将在北京举行。包括近40位外方领导人在内的上百个国家的数千名代表将参加此届论坛。

回首过去6年,几个关键节点记录着“一带一路”合作走过的不平凡历程。2013年秋天,中国国家主席习近平首倡共建“一带一路”,众多地区国家第一时间表示愿意参与合作。2015年3月,《推动共建丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路的愿景与行动》发布,“一带一路”合作的理念与规划更清晰地为世人所知。2015年12月,亚投行正式成立,收获的合作共识与成效超过所有人预期。2017年5月,首届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛在北京举行,取得了76大项、279项具体成果,为各方合作不断推进明确了路线图。统计数据显示,首届高峰论坛达成的279项具体成果,迄今已基本完成或转为常态化工作,落实率近100%。

今天,“一带一路”已成为国际发展的主流话语。在沿线各国的发展规划里,“一带一路”被普遍认为是可供借力的合作平台。迄今,已有124个国家和29个国际组织同中方签署“一带一路”合作文件。国际金融论坛此前在“一带一路”5周年之际发布调查报告,几乎所有受访机构都认为,“一带一路”建设在带动本国、本地区经济增长方面发挥了重要作用。

伴随着“一带一路”合作加速推进,打破历史的发展故事在沿线各个角落不断出现。东非有了第一条高速公路,马尔代夫有了第一座跨海大桥,白俄罗斯第一次有了自己的轿车制造业,全球最大的内陆国哈萨克斯坦第一次有了出海通道,东南亚正在施工建设高速铁路,中欧班列成为亚欧大陆上距离最长的合作纽带……

在各国企业与民众眼中,“一带一路”带来了大量务实合作项目,创造了全新的市场和就业。目前,“六廊六路多国多港”主骨架逐步成形,中老铁路、中泰铁路、匈塞铁路、雅万高铁、瓜达尔港等一大批具有示范效应的合作项目取得实质性进展。

合作成果的“可视性”,让各方对“一带一路”的信心不断上升。美国消费者新闻与商业频道的报道提到,“一带一路”正越来越多出现在世界各国公司的财报会议上。通用电气此前作出预测,未来几年该企业在“一带一路”沿线的营收将实现两位数增长。金融巨头花旗集团正为在“一带一路”沿线国家投资的企业提供全方位服务。中国企业在沿线国家和地区建设的82个经贸合作区,带来近30万个就业岗位。

近6年的时间里,“一带一路”建设让沿线许多地区彻底改变了发展面貌。世世代代生活在大山里的老挝万磊村村民不再只靠种地、打猎为生,家里有了电,孩子们晚上再也不用凑到煤油灯前看书。一位名叫爱丽丝的女孩成为肯尼亚历史上首批女火车司机之一,家里的居住条件得到改善,收入是过去的3倍,人生走上了另一条轨道。德国杜伊斯堡港2017财年实现收入2.5亿欧元,吞吐量增长30%,原本为传统增长动能减退而苦恼的老工业基地再度焕发青春。

在国际发展与全球治理的复杂体系中,“一带一路”是一个新事物——“新”在共商、共建、共享的合作理念设计,也“新”在它是中国这样一个发展中国家提出的国际合作倡议,而且成为了当代全球治理变革领域的现象级实践。

目前,共建“一带一路”倡议和共商共建共享的核心理念已被写入联合国等重要国际组织成果文件。联合国秘书长古特雷斯曾指出,“一带一路”倡议不仅涉及经济合作,也是通过经济合作改善世界经济发展模式,使全球化更加健康,进而推动国家治理和全球治理的路径。

不久前,首趟卢森堡至成都中欧班列正式发车,41个货柜将机电产品、食品和医疗器械等欧洲产品送至不断扩大的中国市场。在许多人眼中,通达能力越来越强的中欧班列不仅是重塑经贸格局的现实力量,也是一种象征——“一带一路”带来的联结效应,正为世界经济抵御保护主义、孤立主义逆风提供能量。

人民日报记者 胡泽曦

China’s Belt and Road initiative to embrace a second global gathering after six years of glory

Almost six years after China put forward the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), thousands of delegates from over 100 countries, including nearly 40 government leaders, are expected to gather in Beijing in late April to discuss on the fruits and prospects of the grand vision.

The second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation is under the theme of “Belt and Road Cooperation, Shaping a Brighter Shared Future”.

The past six years recorded the milestones of the BRI since it was first proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping in the fall of 2013, rightly after which multiple countries raised their hands to join the cooperation.

The vision and actions on jointly building the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road was released in March 2015, in which China explained to the world the philosophy and plans of the Belt and Road cooperation.

In the following December, a new multilateral financial institution, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, was established under the framework of the BRI, and so far it has reaped better-than-expected consensus and fruits.

In May 2017, the first Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation hosted by Beijing drew a roadmap for future cooperation by yielding a list of deliverables, which includes 76 items comprising 279 concrete results in five key areas, namely policy, infrastructure, trade, financial and people-to-people connectivity.

Statistics indicated that nearly all of the 279 concrete outcomes have been completed or turned into regular work.

The string of efforts has rewarded the Belt and Road Initiative with more voice and discourse in international community. Many en-route countries have included the vision into their development plans as they perceive it as a cooperation platform fueling their growth.

So far, 124 countries and 29 international organizations have signed cooperation agreements with China on the BRI. According to an International Finance Forum (IFF) survey published last year, the 5th anniversary of the Initiative, almost every interviewed organization confirmed the vital role played by the Belt and Road construction in promoting local and regional economic growth.

Thanks to the accelerated Belt and Road cooperation, countries along the route are making historical leaps forward. It offered East Africa with its first motorway, provided the Maldives with its first inter-island bridge, enabled Belarus to produce passenger vehicles, and connected landlocked Kazakhstan to the sea.

Thanks to the proposal, Southeast Asia is constructing a high-speed railway, and the Eurasian continent is benefiting from the longest-distance freight train service.

In the eyes of global enterprises and public, the BRI has brought a huge number of practical cooperation projects and created whole new markets and employment opportunities.

A framework consisting of six corridors and six channels serving multiple countries and ports is taking shape, as the railway linking China with Laos and Thailand, the rail line connecting Hungary to Serbia, the high-speed railway between Jakarta and Bandung, the Gwadar port, and a series of other demonstrative projects have made concrete progress.

Such visible accomplishments further cemented the confidence in the BRI of each party. “China’s ‘Belt and Road’ program is showing up in the earning calls of some companies around the world,” the CNBC said in its report.

The General Electric forecasted that the company would register double-digit growth in revenues in the Belt and Road countries in coming years.

In addition, financial giant Citigroup is offering comprehensive services for companies investing in the Belt and Road countries. The 82 economic and trade cooperation zones established by Chinese enterprises in en-route countries have created nearly 300,000 local jobs.

Over the past 6 years, the Belt and Road construction has brought dramatic changes to countries along the route.

Thanks to the BRI, villagers who once lived in the mountains of Laos for generations can make a living from other occupations besides farming and hunting. The children there, with the electricity generated by BRI projects, have now said goodbye to the old days when they had to read under kerosene lamps.

Because of the BRI, Alice became one of the first female train drivers in Kenya and it greatly improved the living condition of her family. Now she has embarked on a new path of life, earning three times more than what she used to earn before.

The Germany-based Duisburg port posted a sales revenue of 250 million euros in the 2017 fiscal year, handling 30 percent more of cargos. The old industrial base which used to be headache with the recession of traditional growth momentum is now regaining vitality under the assistance of the BRI.

The BRI stands as an innovative creation in the complicated system of global development and governance, as it is a developing country-proposed initiative that upholds the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits. It also represents a phenomenal practice in the realm of modern global governance.

Up to now, the co-construction of the BRI, as well as its core ideas have been included in the outcome documents of important international institutions such as the United Nations (UN).

The BRI not only involves economic cooperation, but also aims to improve the development model of the world economy through economic cooperation, make globalization healthier and further promote the development of national and global governance, said António Guterres, Secretary-General of the UN.

A new railway line for freight trains between Luxembourg and China’s Chengdu was recently launched, with the first train carrying 41 containers loaded with European mechanical and electrical products, food and medical apparatus to the expanding Chinese market.

Many people believe that the expanding China-Europe freight service not only stands for an engine to reshape the current trade and economic landscape, but also signifies that the BRI is providing the world with energy to fight against protectionism and isolationism by connecting countries together.

By Hu Zexi from People’s Daily

Source: People’s Daily